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Family Immigration

U.S. Citizens and Permanent Residents may petition for certain family members to obtain green cards for entry and residence in the U.S. The charts below explain the family members that a U.S. citizen and Permanent Resident may petition for and the classification assigned to each family member.

Family visas are divided into two classifications, Immediate Relatives and Preference categories. Immediate relatives of a U.S. citizen always have a visa available, and therefore do not have to wait for a visa to become current. Preference category relatives however, must wait for their priority dates to become current

Find out how to pursue a green card for your:

SPOUSE OF A U.S. CITIZEN

A visa is immediately available for the spouse of a U.S. Citizen

Conditional permanent resident status granted if married less than 2 years at time of Green Card issuance.

Children of primary applicant are ineligible for derivative status through primary applicant. Separate petitions are required.

SPOUSE OF A GREEN CARD HOLDER

A Green Card holder may apply for their spouse; however, a visa will not be immediately available.

Conditional permanent resident status granted if married less than 2 years at time of green card issuance.

Children of primary applicant are generally eligible for derivative status through primary applicant.

PARENT OF A U.S. CITIZEN

A visa is immediately available for the parent of a U.S. Citizen.

There is no age limit for parents.

PARENT OF A GREEN CARD HOLDER

A Green Card holder is ineligible to file a family-based petition for their parents

CHILDREN OF U.S. CITIZENS

A visa is immediately available for the children of U.S. citizens.

A “child” is someone who is younger than 21 years old and not married.

U.S. citizens may petition for step-children and adopted children if certain conditions are met.

CHILDREN OF GREEN CARD HOLDERS

A Green Card holder may petition for their un-married children under 21 years old.

A visa number is not immediately available for the children of Green Card holders.

A Green Card holder may petition for step-children and adopted children if certain conditions are met.

CHILDREN OF U.S. CITIZENS

A U.S. citizen may petition for their married or un-married sons and daughters.

A visa number is not immediately available for the sons and daughters of U.S. citizens.

The spouse and children of sons/daughters may be included on the same petition.

CHILDREN OF GREEN CARD HOLDERS

A Green Card holder may apply for their un-married sons and daughters 21 years of age or older.

A visa number is not immediately available for the sons and daughters of Green Card holders.

The spouse and children of sons/daughters may be included on the same petition.

SIBLINGS OF U.S. CITIZENS

A U.S. citizen may file a petition for their brother or sister.

Spouses and children of brothers and sisters are eligible for derivative status

Siblings related through adoption or step-siblings are eligible if certain requirements are met

SIBLINGS OF GREEN CARD HOLDERS

A Green Card holder is ineligible to file a family-based petition for their siblings.

FIANCÉ(E)OF U.S. CITIZENS

A U.S. Citizen may petition for their fiancé(e) to enter the U.S. for purposes of marriage

Marriage must occur within 90 days of admission.

Un-married children under 21 years old of the fiancé(e) may receive K-2 status

Fiancé(e) is eligible for work authorization after admission

After marriage occurs within the 90 day period, fiancé(e) may apply for Green Card in the U.S.

FIANCÉ(E)OF U.S. CITIZENS

A Green Card holder is ineligible to file a petition for their fiancé(e).

From your initial visa to the United States to Green Cards and Citizenship, 

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